Moses and Jesus are two leaders who stood tall in the Old and New testaments respectively: Two Testaments/ Two covenants
Hebrews 11 lists the heroes of faith and some of them were types of Jesus in the Old Testament. Today onwards the spotlight is on Moses and let’s commence by reading what the New Testament has recorded of him.
Hebrews 11:23-29 By faith Moses’ parents hid him for three months after he was born, because they saw he was no ordinary child, and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be known as the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. He chose to be mistreated along with the people of God rather than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. He regarded disgrace for the sake of Christ as of greater value than the treasures of Egypt, because he was looking ahead to his reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the king’s anger; he persevered because he saw him who is invisible. By faith he kept the Passover and the application of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel. By faith the people passed through the Red Sea as on dry land; but when the Egyptians tried to do so, they were drowned.
The foregoing verses give an overview of the life and ministry of Moses, what God did in Moses’ life and an indication of what He had envisaged to do through Jesus’ life and ministry. In the old testament, John the Baptist is the greatest among those born of women; but Moses is a laudable leader who performed miracles and led multitudes.
Most countries’ population would amount to 1million, and here’s Moses leading over 3 million people through the wilderness who were constantly in the move- shortage of food and water, internal problems, external attacks – despite such tumult, Moses persevered because he saw Him who is invisible, and he accomplished his ministry with splendid administrative skills.
Though Joseph is considered the most complete type of Jesus; Moses bears a resemblance to Jesus in regard to birth, leadership, miracles, distribution of bread, walking on water and deliverance.
Moses and Jesus were beautiful and divinely favoured infants. (Hebrews 11:23 – amplified version)
Moses refused to be known as the son of Pharaoh’s daughter and chose to be mistreated along with the people of God rather than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin (Hebrews 11:24,25). Jesus though being God, made himself nothing,took the very nature of a servant and came to Earth in human form; and the King of Kings was born in a stable and laid in a manger (Philippians 2:6-8)
Moses regarded disgrace for the sake of Christ as of greater value than the treasures of Egypt, because he was looking ahead to his reward. (Hebrews 11:26) Jesus endured the cross, scorning its shame, in view of the joy set before him (Hebrews 12:2)
Moses and Jesus kept the Passover and the application of the blood (Hebrews 11:28, Luke 2:41)
Moses and the people passed through the Red Sea on dry land (Hebrews 11:29) Jesus walked on the sea (Mark 6:48)
In order to construe the purpose and fulfillment of Jesus’s life and ministry, it is crucial that we comprehend the preparations made in history. The books of Exodus and Deuteronomy give a detailed account of Moses’ life.
Deuteronomy 18:18 – I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their fellow Israelites, and I will put my words in his mouth. He will tell them everything I command him.
The above verse is God’s promise to Moses in the last phase of his life; and since then the people of Israel contemplated who that prophet would be. Many prophets came into the scene throughout the old testament – Joshua, Samuel, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel. Finally, they wondered if John the Baptist was ‘the Prophet’ who was promised to Moses. Moses was the reference point, and they awaited for a prophet with such calibre and pre-eminence. John the Baptist confessed that he wasn’t the Christ (John 1:20) and his life mission was to prepare the way for the Lord (John 1:23). To conclude, Jesus was ‘the Prophet’ for whom the people of Israel awaited for centuries.
Luke 3:15 – The people were waiting expectantly and were all wondering in their hearts if John could be the Christ.
Acts 13:25 – As John was completing his work, he said: ‘Who do you suppose I am? I am not the one you are looking for. But there is one coming after me whose sandals I am not worthy to untie.’
Here’s a clue to study the types of Jesus: they’d be mentioned in the New Testament
1 Corinthians 10:1-4 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. They all ate the same spiritual food and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.
(This was the Scripture portion God gave me when we started satellite churches – same spiritual food and same spiritual drink for all.)
Though Jesus was born in Bethlehem in human form, Christ manifested in various instances throughout the Old Testament – which we term as Christophany, and Melchizedek being the most significant of all.
This is more than what we can comprehend : Christ, the Rock accompanied the 3 million as they took each step through the wilderness, and the people of Israel drank from the spiritual rock everyday.
And this same Rock is with you always, He is your all-time companion. We all do separate from our close ones for at least a fragment of time; for example: parents can’t be with their children while at school/college, and children can’t follow us to our workplace. But Jesus is there with each one of us at all times!
Psalm 139:7 -10 Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast.
1 Corinthians 1:5,6 – Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered in the wilderness.Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did.
The history has been recorded here as a warning for the new testament believers to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things. We’ll continue with the study tomorrow. Great things are in store!
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About the Author
Ps. Damien Antony
Born and brought up in a Christian family, Ps. Damien Antony possessed an unquenching quest for truth right from his boyhood days and eventually his relentless search led him to the Bible. He is a Revival Preacher, Bible Teacher, Leadership Trainer, Author and a Life Coach. He moves under the anointing for Prophetic, Healing, Deliverance, Inner Healing and Financial Breakthrough. God has also blessed him with an Apostolic Mandate to take the Universal Body of Christ to the next level of revelation and anointing.
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